Old FactoryIn the latter years of the 18th century and throughout the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution had a huge impact on the homes and lives of the middle class. For the first time household decor items such as crockery, glass, textiles, wallpaper and furniture were made industrially at affordable prices. Many styles of furnishings were published in the new and popular home decor magazines.

Until this period the style of home decor depended on the individual arrangement between the customer and craftsman - With the knowledge and ability of the maker being hugely important. Until the industrial revolution many craftsmen did not know much about the new decor fashions, and they continued usually to make things in the old ways with the old designs.

Regional styles developed with a complete lack of uniformity across the country. Such craft traditions influenced rural areas in UK and USA. Families or schools of craftsmen worked for generations creating the same style and never changing the form or manufacturing processes.

The Industrial Revolution changed all this dramatically. Furnishings & furniture produced in factories were all alike made to exact specialisations. From the middle of the 19th century a lavish increase of ornament decoration was used for its own sake. This was often an effort to play down the machine-made uniformity of objects but also demonstrated the almost limitless capabilities of the new machines and manufacturing techniques.

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